Over the last two years, the world of the military industry has been intensely talking about air defense systems developed by different countries around the world.
Below, we have decided to provide you with our ranking of the Top 5 anti-aircraft missile systems in the World.
#5 – Chinese HQ-9 long-range anti-aircraft missile system
The HQ-9 long-range anti-aircraft missile system is designed to destroy enemy aircraft, cruise missiles and helicopters at all heights of their combat use, day and night in all weather conditions.
HQ-9 is the most advanced example of the third generation of anti-aircraft missile defense systems of China and is characterized by high combat effectiveness in a complex jamming environment including with a massive use by the enemy of various means of air attack.
HQ-9 – the first Chinese complex with the ability to intercept tactical ballistic missiles of the ground-to-ground class.
In March 2009 at the Africa Aerospace and Defense Exhibition in Cape Town (South Africa), CPMIEC presented a variant of the FT-2000 complex, designed to destroy long-range radar reconnaissance aircraft and other radio-emitting targets. The missile complex FT-2000 is equipped with a passive radar homing head. The serial production of the FT-2000 complex has not yet been deployed due to the lack of orders from the PLA and foreign buyers.
#4 – U.S. SAM MM-104 “Patriot”
SAM “Patriot” is designed to cover large administrative and industrial centers, naval and air bases from all existing means of air attack in the face of a strong electronic countermeasures of the enemy. The complex is capable of simultaneously detecting and identifying more than 100 air targets, continuously tracking eight of them, preparing initial data for firing, launching and pointing up to three missiles for each target.
The development of the complex was started in 1963. to replace the previous generation air defense systems. The first flight test of the rocket took place in February 1970, and on January 11, 1974. the missile was the first to carry out guidance maneuvers for commands coming from a ground-based radar. The complex was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1982.
Anti-aircraft battery includes 4-8 launchers (PU) with four missiles on each. The battery is the smallest tactical and fire subunit, which can independently carry out a combat mission. Most often, the battery is used as part of the division.
SAM “Patriot” has high combat capabilities, is in service with the United States and is seen as a promising complex for equipping the armed forces of other NATO countries. The effectiveness of the complex is achieved by building it on the basis of advanced circuit solutions, using modern materials and advanced technologies in systems and aggregates of air defense systems.
#3 – French-Italian SAMP-T complex (Eurosam)
SAMP-T complex (EUROSAM Land system) is designed for air defense of mechanized units and marching troops, as well as air defense of important stationary objects from a massive attack of a wide class of air targets, from tactical missiles, all types of aircraft to various unmanned aerial vehicles in all weather conditions, when the enemy uses various interference of high intensity.
The developer and manufacturer of the complex is the European consortium “Eurosam”. The consortium was formed in June 1989 by Aerospatiale, Alenia, and Thompson-CSF to create and market the weapons of the FSAF family – Forward SurfacetoAir Family of missile systems. Eurosam acts as a system integrator of projects for the creation of sea and land variants of an air defense complex. The program for creating FSAF family complexes includes a number of innovations, namely, a modular system layout to achieve air transportability, minimizing the total number of complex elements, the novelty of the applied technological solutions to meet the specific operational qualities of the system, the possibility of modernizing the complex systems throughout the entire operation cycle, minimum Maintenance of the equipment of the complex by combatants during its operation All systems that are part of the FSAF family of systems consist of replaceable elements that satisfy the above requirements.
A feature of SAMP-T SAM systems is that it is one of the options for the modular range of FSAF SAM systems. In addition to SAMP-T SAM systems, SAAM (PAAMS) naval SAM systems of various configurations are also assembled from standard modules for equipping naval ships of France and Italy. The means of destruction in all sea-based and land-based complexes are the unified anti-aircraft guided missiles (SAM) of the Aster family. SAM “Aster-30” SAM SAM-T and developed for the ship version of “Aster-15” are as unified as possible, have a modular design and actually differ only in launch accelerators. Flight design tests of the Aster missiles were completed in 1999. Complex flight tests SAMP-T SAM completed in 2005 and in 2006 complex adopted.
#2 – Israeli SAM or GTAM David
David Sling, also formerly known as Magic Wand, is an Israeli defense military system developed jointly by Israeli defense contractor Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and US defense contractor Raytheon, designed to intercept enemy aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, tactical ballistic missiles, medium and long range missiles and cruise missiles launched at ranges from 40 km (24.85 miles) to 300 km (186.41 miles). David’s sling is intended to replace the MIM-23 Hawk and MIM-104 Patriot in the Israeli arsenal.
The Sturmer missile is designed to intercept a new generation of low-altitude tactical ballistic missiles, such as the Russian Iskander and the Chinese DF-15 using onboard dual CCD / IR shelters, to distinguish between the bait and the actual missile warhead, in addition to tracking by Elta EL / M-2084 Active electronically scanning an array of multi-mode radar. A multi-stage interceptor consists of a solid fuel booster rocket engine, followed by an asymmetric jamming vehicle with advanced steering gear for super-maneuverability during the jamming stage. The three-pulse engine provides additional acceleration and maneuverability in the terminal phase. David Sling was commissioned in April 2017.
The sling of David is designed to strengthen the second level of Israel’s theater of missile defense system. The name of David sling comes from the biblical story of David and Goliath. This will form one level of Israel’s future multi-tier missile defense system that Israel is developing, which will also include Arrow 2, Arrow 3, Iron Dome and Baraku 8 and Iron Beam as early as 2020.
#1 – Russian anti-aircraft system S-400 Triumf
S-400 Triumf, formerly known as S-300 PMU-3, is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s in Russia by the Almaz Central Design Bureau as a modernization of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation since 2007, the S-400 uses four missiles to fill its flight: very long-range 40N6 (400 km), long-range 48N6 (250 km), medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km) and short-range 9M96E (40 km). The S-400 was described by The Economist in 2017 as “one of the best air defense systems currently made.”
One system containing up to 8 divisions (divisions) can control up to 72 launchers, with a maximum of 384 missiles (including missiles with a range of less than 250 km (160 miles)). Missiles are launched using a gas system from launch tubes up to 30 meters into the air before the rocket engine ignites, which increases the maximum and reduces the minimum ranges.
In April 2015, a successful rocket test bomb was conducted on a target air at a distance of 400 km (250 miles); Tels carrying a long-range 40N6 may only be able to hold two missiles instead of the typical four due to its larger size. Another test recorded a 9M96 missile using an active homing radar, reached an altitude of 56 km. All missiles are equipped with a warhead aimed at the explosion, which increases the likelihood of complete destruction of targets.